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MUSIC WITHOUT MINOR SECONDS

A Harmonic Field for "Cave of Luminous Mind"

Music without minor seconds? Why not! The central atonal field in the fast movement of Cave of Luminous Mind is constructed to avoid the interval, and it seems to produce a remarkably spatial effect, devoid of the tension that a surface with minor seconds generates. I suppose it is akin to a kind of atonal pentatonic material, only obliquely related to pentatonic scales.

Luminous Mind is inspired by the meditational journey of the Tibetan saint Milarepa.  Subjects such as these which inhabit most unusual ‘non-Western’ territory, cannot be convincingly clothed in the harmonic materials of a traditional European vintage, such as diatonic keys, or even chromatic extensions of them such as we find in Wagner.  Buddhist concepts originated in an ancient world, and these ideas relating to meditation, self transformation and enlightenment find only distant resonance in Western intellectual history. So it seemed especially anomalous to use such traditional ‘Western’ materials, as they tend to summon powerful historic and cultural associations that detract from the sheer uniqueness of Buddhist concepts. 

However I encountered no such difficulty when I began to use atonal harmonic fields, specially constructed in order to give harmonic colour to this form of intellectual and psychological discourse.  Atonal harmonic fields symmetrically projected outwards from the centre with non-replicating octaves seem especially suited to expressing these kinds of alternate realities.  The harmonic field with which I start my work is given below and it recurs many times in various transpositions of itself and very occasionally with one or two altered or added tones.  There are very few direct octaves in this field, though there are double octaves, hence the pitch class content within each octave tends to be different from the octave above and the octave below it.  Of course there are any numbers of ways to construct such fields and with different degrees of density and intervallic properties. 

The field above is constructed entirely from consecutive major seconds and minor thirds.  It also features embedded diminished seventh tetrachords and – towards the extremities - complementary whole tone scales. Through repetition, reiteration and free arpeggiation, and with multiple instrumental colours thrown rapidly on its pitch grid, it begins to assume a quality of “potent” stasis and yet seems to me to release remarkable energy when orchestral sonorities are cast into its mould. The symmetry of its pitch structure gives it an additional quality of stability. The lack of minor seconds seems to make it less personal and more ‘objective’ in its effect.  As the meditational journey lies beyond normal emotion and personality-driven psychological phenomena, it seemed to me that this field was especially suited to the task. 

Interestingly, fields like this present a practical problem when writing for the harp. The harp is designed to be an octave-replicating piece of technology. When considering a harmonic field, it is apparent that if the pitch class content of one octave does not match the next octave above or below, this either means that the harp must play very sparely, or deploy swift pedal changes and ingenious enharmonic tuning. 

Posted: 28 May 2013 by Param Vir

MEMORIES OF ARNOLD SCHOENBERG

Richard Hoffmann in conversation with Param Vir

Composer Richard Hoffmann is a former student and amanuensis of Arnold Schoenberg, and whilst on a visit to the United States last year I took the opportunity to record this interview impromptu. Richard Hoffmann started life in Vienna and then emigrated to New Zealand with his family at the age of eight. Subsequently he went to California to study with Schoenberg and act as his assistant. Here he recounts the history of his association with the great Viennese maestro. His memoirs are peppered with interesting anecdotes, not the least being the story of the fiasco of Thomas Mann's dedication of Doctor Faustus. 



Posted: 15 May 2013 by Param Vir

TURNING TO FICTION

Interview with American poet Donna Masini

Donna Masini, American poet based in New York, reads from her book "Turning to Fiction" and discusses her work and its context in the contemporary world. Donna and I were both resident for 6 weeks at the amazing and generously funded research facility, the Civitella Ranieri Centre in Umbertide, Italy during September/October 2011. I took the chance to interview not just Donna but other writers and artists resident there as well. Amongst other things, Donna Masini discussed her teaching methods, and I found these interesting as they had many parallels with the teaching of composition.

Posted: 1 May 2012 by Param Vir

TELL ME

Interview with Kim Addonizio

Kim Addonizio is a distinguished American poet and has not only published several poetry collections but also many books on the writing of poetry for the use of young writers. Amongst the latter are the two seminal works "The Poet's Companion" and "Ordinary Genius: A Guide for the Poet within". 

She was recorded in Umbertide, Italy in October 2011 in conversation with Param Vir.

Posted: 6 March 2012 by Param Vir