Horse Tooth White Rock
COMMISSIONED BY: BBC Philharmonic Orchestra
DEDICATION: Hans Werner Henze
AVAILABILITY: Novello & Co. London
PREMIERE DATE: March 3, 1994
BBC Philharmonic Orchestra conducted by Peter Maxwell Davies
St George’s Hall, Bradford
This work owes its inspiration to the story of the life of Milarepa, the eleventh century Tibetan saint. The title “Horse Tooth White Rock” comes from the name of the mountain in Tibet where Milarepa attained enlightenment. In its present form the work is scored for full symphony orchestra in two movements prefaced by an introduction. My work reflects upon important themes in Milarepa’s life, according to the following scheme:
An orchestral ‘thunderbolt’, a symbol and musical portrait of Vajrayana (Diamond Path), the powerful esoteric discipline that eventually leads Milarepa to transcendence and Enlightenment.
After the death of Milarepa’s father, his uncle and aunt ill-treat his family, annexing their property and reducing them to destitution. It is Milarepa’s first encounter with the reality of intense suffering. Urged by his mother he leaves home to learn black magic, becoming in time a ‘Great Magician’. By acts of sorcery he exacts a terrible revenge on those that preyed on his family. The results are inevitably death and destruction.
Overcome with sorrow at the results of his wrong doing, Milarepa looks for a teacher to find a true path out of suffering and evil. His search leads to Marpa, a highly evolved spiritual master, who initially appears harsh and terrifying, making impossible conditions and requiring Milarepa to undergo incredible ordeals. The repentant Milarepa walks a path of humility and gentleness, submitting to this fierce discipline without anger, hatred and thought of attack, and thus becomes cleansed of the impurity of past action. He gains the affection of his teacher and finally obtains from him the compassionate teaching and method that lead to Enlightenment. Through meditation his life gradually awakens to a new quality of luminosity and purpose. In a serene and moving scene he takes leave of Marpa as he sets out on his own.
Horse Tooth White Rock was commissioned by the BBC Philharmonic Orchestra which gave the first performance in Bradford, England on 3rd March 1994, with Sir Peter Maxwell Davies conducting. The work received its German premiere with the Bayerischer Rundfunks Orchestra at the opening concert of the Munich Biennale on 29 April 1994.
Programme Note © Param Vir
Evening Standard (London) (August 4, 2005)
Reviewer: Nick Kimberley